Greece


Impacts on current society
January 24, 2007, 12:02 am
Filed under: Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece is a time period in greek history which lasted for about one thousand years. Ancient Greece is generally considered to be the fundemental foundation for current western civilization and cultures. Greek culture heavily impacted the Roman Empire which later moved throughout Europe. The language, educational systems, philosophy, science, and arts of modern day Europe and the Americas.

The early Greeks are believed to have migrated starting in the late 3rd millenium B.C.E. In the 8th century B.C.E. Greece began to emerge from the dark ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. With the fall of the Mycenaean civilization, their cultural literacy and written language were lost. The Greeks adopted Phoenician alphabet modifying it to create the their own unique Greek alphabet. Written records began to appear at about 800 B.C.E. Greece was divided into many small self-governing communities. Greece began to become overpopulated and as a result they started to settle colonies in all directions.

By the 6th century BC the Greek world had become a cultural and linguistic area much larger than the geographical area of present Greece. Greek colonies were not politically controlled by their founding cities, although they often retained religious and commercial links with them. The Greeks both at home and abroad organized themselves into independent communities, and the city (polis) became the basic unit of Greek government. During this period Greece and its neighboring colonies began to greatly develop economically with the growth of commerce and manufacture, and they also began to greatly inprove the living standards of the population. Studies estimate that the average size of the Greek household increased by a factor of five, indicating a large increase in the average income of the population.

At its economic pinnacle, which was around the 4th century B.C.E. Ancient Greece had the most advanced economy in the world. It is also believed to be one of the most advanced preindustrial economies in the world. proof of this is demonstrated by the average daily wage of the Greek worker in contrast with the Egyptian worker. The Greek worker recieved in terms of grain about 13 kg, more than 4 times the average daily wage of the Egyptian worker which was about 3kg.